The IB Primary Years Programme - page 2

The Primary Years Programme:
preparing students to
be active participants in a lifelong journey of learning
What is an IB education?
The IB continuum of international education for 3 to 19 year olds is
unique because of its academic and personal rigour. We challenge
students to excel in their studies and in their personal growth. We
aim to inspire a quest for learning throughout life that is marked by
enthusiasm and empathy.
The IB aspires to help schools develop well-rounded students with
character who respond to challenges with optimism and an open
mind, are confident in their own identities, make ethical decisions,
join with others in celebrating our common humanity and are
prepared to apply what they learn in real-world, complex and
unpredictable situations.
The IB offers high-quality programmes of international education
that share a powerful vision. Informed by the values described in
the learner profile, an IB education:
• focuses on learners - the IB’s student-centred programmes promote
healthy relationships, ethical responsibility and personal challenge
• develops effective approaches to teaching and learning - IB
programmes help students to develop the attitudes and skills
they need for both academic and personal success
• works within global contexts - IB programmes increase
understanding of languages and cultures, and explore globally
significant ideas and issues
• explores significant content - IB programmes offer a curriculum
that is broad and balanced, conceptual and connected.
IB learners strive to become inquirers, knowledgeable, thinkers,
communicators, principled, open-minded, caring, risk-takers,
balanced, and reflective. These attributes represent a broad range
of human capacities and responsibilities that go beyond intellectual
development and academic success.
What is the IB Primary Years
Programme (PYP)?
The PYP is designed for students aged 3 to 12. It focuses on
the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both in the
classroom and in the world outside. It is a framework guided by
six transdisciplinary themes of global significance, explored using
knowledge and skills derived from six subjects areas, as well as
transdisplinary skills, with a powerful emphasis on inquiry.
The PYP is flexible enough to accommodate the demands of most
national or local curriculums and provides the best preparation for
students to engage in the IB Middle Years Programme.
The IB Primary Years Programme
• addresses students’ academic, social and emotional well-being
• encourages students to develop independence and to take
responsibility for their own learning
• supports students’ efforts to gain understanding of the world and
to function comfortably within it
• helps students establish personal values as a foundation upon
which international-mindedness will develop and flourish.
The six subject areas identified within the IB Primary
Years Programme:
• language
• social studies
• mathematics
• arts
• science
• personal, social and physical education
The most significant and distinctive feature of the IB Primary
Years Programme are the six transdisplinary themes
These themes provide IB World Schools with the opportunity
to incorporate local and global issues into the curriculum and
effectively allow students to “step up” beyond the confines of
learning within subject areas.
• Who we are
Inquiry into the nature of the self; beliefs and values; person,
physical, mental, social and spiritual health; human relationships
including families, friends, communities, and cultures; rights and
responsibilities; what it means to be human
• Where we are in place and time
Inquiry into orientation in place and time; personal histories;
homes and journeys; the discoveries, explorations and
migrations of humankind; the relationship between and the
interconnectedness of individuals and civilizations, from local and
global perspectives
• How we express ourselves
Inquiry into the ways in which we discover and express ideas,
feelings, nature, culture, beliefs and values; the ways in which
we reflect on, extend and enjoy our creativity; our appreciation
of the aesthetic
• How the world works
Inquiry into the natural world and its laws, the interaction
between the natural world (physical and biological) and human
societies; how humans use their understanding of scientific
principles; the impact of scientific and technological advances on
society and on the environment.
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