Stamford American Elementary School Curriculum Guide - page 11

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Mathematics
In Nursery, we build mathematical understanding by giving children time to use new
concepts, mathematical language and ideas during child-initiated activities and during
play time. Children are encouraged to explore real-life problems by making patterns,
counting and matching. For example, children might sort animal figures into family-
sized groups of “Daddy, Mama and Baby” and learn to value their own graphic and
practical explorations of numbers, patterns, shape and space.
We develop the children’s early mathematical experiences and understanding by
using stories, songs, rhymes, games and imaginative play. Some of these activities
have a mathematical focus and some of the activities enable mathematical
learning to be drawn out. For example, exploring shape, size and pattern
during block play or using mathematical language during daily routines such as
snack. Children use their knowledge and skills to solve problems, generate new
questions and make connections.
Numbers and Counting
– Children gradually learn how to use numbers and count
during play and eventually to recognize and use numbers reliably to develop
mathematical concepts to solve problems. Children use number games and number
rhymes in small groups, individually and in adult directed activities.
Calculating
– Children develop an awareness of the relationship between numbers
and amounts. Children learn that numbers can be added or combined and can be
separated by taking away and that two or more amounts can be compared. Children
are encouraged to understand the concepts of more and less, through hands-on
experiences with familiar resources and games.
Shape, Space and Pattern
– Children develop an understanding by talking about
shapes and quantities and developing appropriate mathematical vocabulary. Children
use their knowledge to develop ideas and to solve mathematical problems. Children
are given time and opportunity to make and discover patterns, make connections and
recognize relationships in shape, space and patterns.
Science and Social Studies
Children are supported in the development of knowledge, skills and understanding
that are needed to help them make sense of the world around them. Children
explore and encounter a range of activities involving creatures, people, plants,
natural resources, environments and real-life situations by undertaking practical,
age-appropriate experiments. Children develop the ability to observe, predict,
explore, investigate, interpret, discuss, make decisions and use tools and materials
appropriately. Children explore the environment both indoors and outdoors and use
skills and knowledge in practical activities such as cooking, melting chocolate for
dipping strawberries and mixing flour, water and yeast to make bread.
Investigate Time and Place
– Children develop a sense of time and age-appropriate
history. For example, they share and reflect their own personal and family history,
and past and present events relevant to their lives and the lives of their family.
Children develop a sense of age-appropriate geography including where they are in
the world and that the world has many places. Children also develop an interest in
the natural world and their local area, expressing their likes and dislikes about it.
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